Lychee, Litchi sinensis, is a tropical and sub-tropical fruit that comes from a mid-sized evergreen tree that has leaves that are coppery in color when they first appear, and that turn bright green when mature. The fruit is an ovoid drupe a few inches in size, covered with a rough, red inedible rind that is easily removed. The fruit itself is translucent white and delicious. There is one brown seed in the center.
The lychee is native to low elevations of the provinces of Kwangtung and Fukien in Southern China. Cultivation spread over the years through neighboring areas of southeastern Asia and offshore islands. It reached Hawaii in 1873, and Florida in 1883, and was brought to California from Florida in 1897. Madagascar is a primary exporter of lychees.